## Chapter 12 Give and take

Kishan runs a big plant nursery where he puts different varieties of plants. Villagers often come and take saplings from him to grow in their houses

**1.** Kishan had 364 saplings of different herbs and flowers. Then he went to his friend’s village and brought 52 saplings from there. How many saplings does he have now?

Let us draw a box diagram for the problem.

Let us use following systematic procedure to solve the problem.

How many saplings in all?

364 Saplings + 52 Saplings = __________________ Saplings

364 + 52 = __________

You can also use a number line to solve it.

**2.** Kishan has got an order to deliver 230 saplings to a school. He has packed 75 saplings in an open box. How many more saplings does he need to pack?

We write the given problem as a box diagram:

Let us use hundreds , tens and ones to solve the problem.

We have to subtract 75 from 230.

To take away 5 ones, we change 1 ten into 10 ones.

We can now take away 5 ones from 10 ones.

Teacher’s Note:Encourage children to use the Dienes Blocks given at the end of the book and the number line for solving these problems. Children can do these problems by taking away and adding numbers in different ways. Discuss the relation between hundreds, tens and ones

Subtracting 5 ones from 10 ones, we are left with 5 ones

So on subtracting 5 ones from 230 we get 225

We must now subtract 70 from 225. We cannot subtract the 7 tens of 70 from the 2 tens of 225.

So we change 1 hundred to 10 tens.

On subtracting 7 tens from 12 tens, the result is:

Kishan has ………. saplings now

Teacher’s Note:Before going into standard algorithms, students should be encouraged to use Dienes blocks and a number line for solving various problems with different strategies.

### Let us Do

Draw box diagrams, as shown above to solve the following problems. Then use HTO blocks or a number line to solve the problems.

**1.** Kishan has 456 saplings in August. He distributed 63 saplings. How many saplings are left with him?

**2.** Kishan has a collection of 309 saplings. He gets 80 more saplings of flowering plants. How many saplings does he have now?

**3.** Kishan has 270 saplings of herbs and his friend has 36 saplings of herbs. How many more saplings does Kishan have than his friend?

Write word problems using the numbers given in the box diagrams below and solve them. You can take help from the pictures for appropriate contexts.

Use the grid below to solve the following questions. Colour your answers in the grid.

$ \begin{array}{|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|l|} \hline 521 & 522 & 523 & 524 & 525 & 526 & 527 & 528 & 529 & 530 \\ \hline 511 & 512 & 513 & 514 & 515 & 516 & 517 & 518 & 519 & 520 \\ \hline 501 & 502 & 503 & 504 & 505 & 506 & 507 & 508 & 509 & 510 \\ \hline 491 & 492 & 493 & 494 & 495 & 496 & 497 & 498 & 499 & 500 \\ \hline 481 & 482 & 483 & 484 & 485 & 486 & 487 & 488 & 489 & 490 \\ \hline 471 & 472 & 473 & 474 & 475 & 476 & 477 & 478 & 479 & 480 \\ \hline 461 & 462 & 463 & 464 & 465 & 466 & 467 & 468 & 469 & 470 \\ \hline 451 & 452 & 453 & 454 & 455 & 456 & 457 & 458 & 459 & 460 \\ \hline \end{array} $

Teacher’s Note:Encourage children to solve the problems using the above grid. Draw children’s attention to the pattern of change in digits when adding 100,10 and 1.

Do as directed.

Many years ago, in the Village ‘Jadupur’, people exchanged things based on their need. Shaamu Kaka gave 5 sacks of rice to Dariya Didi. She in return gave 10 sacks of vegetables. Dariya Didi got 2 sarees from Bablu Dada by giving 5 sacks of onions.

Like this, people in the village exchanged their things. Shamu Kaka got vegetables for the rice he gave. Dariya Didi gave lots of onions to Bablu Dada for the two sarees. Discuss in class why people in this village had to give different quantities while exchanging things. These days we use money in exchange for things we need. Notes and coins come in different values which are used to buy different things.

These days we use money in exchange for things we need. Notes and coins come in different values which are used to buy different things.

For example, one 10-rupee note can buy one Hawa Mithai or ten toffees.

One Hawa Mithai costs more than a toffee.

Salma buys two bottles of milk for ₹ 100. Kiran buys a basket of pomegranates for ₹ 100.

Circle the one that costs more: a milk bottle or a pomegranate?

Think of two things that we can buy using the same note.

Match the notes and coins in the two columns that have the same values.

Teacher’s Note:Let children observe different features in original notes like personalities, monuments, embossed images for people with visual impairments, numbers and number names in different languages, etc. Discuss with children the connections between notes and coins.

Use the following notes and coins to buy the things given below. Find at least two ways of giving the money. You may use the notes and coins more than once.

Have you seen this note?

$ \longrightarrow $

How many ₹ 100 notes are equal to a ₹ 500 note? _________

What things can you buy with ₹ 500

___________________________

In the morning, Peter uncle has ₹ 465 in his money box. By afternoon, he has ₹ 756. How much has he earned since morning?

Let us draw a box diagram for the problem.

My Estimation.

₹ ___________

Today, Peter uncle sold rice for ₹ 640 and sugar for ₹ 215. How much money has he earned from this sale?

Draw a box diagram for the problem

My Estimation.

₹ ___________

Use

or a number line to solve it.### Let us Do

Solve the following problems using box diagrams. Estimate the answers. Then use notes of ₹ 100s, ₹ 10s and ₹ 1s or a number line to solve the problems.

**1.** One day Peter uncle earned ₹ 650. The next day he
earned ₹ 250 more. How much money had he earned
by the second day?

Teacher’s Note:Provide or ask children to make play money. Help children in exchanging denominations of hundreds, tens and ones and use them in solving problems.

**2.** Reena bought groceries for ₹ 209.
She gave a ₹ 500 note to Peter uncle.
How much money should Peter uncle
return to Reena?

**3.** Shireen has ₹ 150 in her piggy bank.
She puts ₹100 every week in her piggy
bank. How much money does she
have at the end of four weeks?

**4.** Peter uncle saved ₹ 250 in the first
month, ₹ 125 in the second month and
₹ 350 in the third month. How much
has he saved in these three months?

Estimate the answers to the nearest hundred. Share your thinking in the class.

Number Sentence | Nearest Hundred |
---|---|

$156+34$ | |

$125-15$ | |

$105+195$ | |

$205+215$ | |

$500-395$ | |

$765-567$ | |

$505+405$ |

Teacher’s Note:The teacher can create similar word problems to give children practice of adding and subtracting numbers. Motivate children to draw the problem before solving. Avoid giving keywords to children for solving word problems

Compare the given problem statements in each row, without calculating. Circle the one that is more. Share your thinking in class.

$ \begin{array}{|c|c|} \hline {373+23} & -373+40 \\ \hline 240+10 & -404+10 \\ \hline 900+9 & -890+60 \\ \hline 345-45 & -345-54 \\ \hline 800-8 & 700-8 \\ \hline \end{array} $

Find the pairs that are equal. Share your thinking in class.

$ \begin{array}{|c|c|c|} \hline 516+100 & 615-200 & 350+50 \\ \hline 400+15 & 450-50 & 816-200 \\ \hline \end{array} $

Fill in the boxes with appropriate numbers

Teacher’s Note:Encourage mental calculations in the class to solve the problems above. Ask children to frame many such questions.

Make cards with numbers 0-5. Make two 3-digit numbers using these cards. Add the two numbers and subtract the two numbers. Rearrange the cards and try to get a bigger sum. Rearrange the cards and try to get a smaller difference.

Check with your friends who has got the biggest sum and smallest difference.

### Let us Do

(a) 265 + 9 $\quad$ (b) 405 + 56

(c) 825 + 175 $\quad$ (d) 600 – 82

(e) 568 – 5 $\quad$ (f) 653 – 356

Teacher’s Note:Allow children to use the number cards from the book to create different numbers. It can be hard for children to do this task with pencil and paper only