Simple Experiments Based On Basic Principles Of Mechanics
Concepts to Remember: Simple Experiments Based on Basic Principles of Mechanics

Projectile Motion

Understand the concepts of projectile motion, including the initial velocity, angle of projection, and gravitational acceleration.

Derive the equations for position and velocity components of a projectile in both the x and y directions.

Use the equations of trajectory to determine the path followed by a projectile and calculate the range of the projectile.

Determine the angle of projection for maximum range and understand its implications.

Equilibrium of Forces

Use graphical representations like freebody diagrams to analyze and understand the equilibrium of forces.

Apply the equations of equilibrium for concurrent and nonconcurrent forces to solve problems involving static systems.

Understand and use the triangle law and polygon law of forces to simplify force calculations.

Friction

Distinguish between static and kinetic friction and comprehend their significance in everyday situations.

Understand and apply the laws of friction, including Amonton’s laws, to determine the frictional force acting between two surfaces.

Calculate the coefficient of friction and recognize its impact on the motion of objects.

Explore realworld applications of friction in various scenarios, such as brakes, clutches, and tires.

Work and Energy

Grasp the concept of work as a measure of energy transfer due to the application of force over a distance.

Calculate work done by a constant force and comprehend the concept of negative and positive work.

Apply the workenergy theorem to relate the net work done on an object to its change in kinetic energy.

Understand the concepts of kinetic energy and potential energy and their interconversion.

Recognize and apply the principle of conservation of energy in various situations.

Simple Harmonic Motion

Identify and understand the characteristics of simple harmonic motion, such as periodic motion and constant acceleration.

Derive the equation of simple harmonic motion and visualize the motion using sinusoidal graphs.

Determine the period and frequency of simple harmonic motion and recognize their relationship with angular velocity.

Analyze and calculate the potential and kinetic energies involved in simple harmonic motion, and observe their conservation.