MET Syllabus 2024 (Released)  Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics And English Syllabus Pdf
MET Syllabus 2024  MAHE has recently published the syllabus for MET 2024 on their official website, manipal.edu. Candidates who are preparing for the Manipal entrance test can access the MET 2024 syllabus to effectively plan their preparation strategies. The syllabus is available for download in PDF format on the official website. It is important for candidates aiming for better marks in the exam to familiarize themselves with the MET exam pattern, including the marking scheme and duration of the exam. Once candidates have completed studying the Manipal entrance test syllabus, they can attempt the MET mock test to assess their preparation level. For more information on the MET 2024 syllabus topics and exam pattern, please read the entire article.
MET Maths Syllabus 2024
Candidates appearing for the Manipal entrance exam can find the detailed MET Maths syllabus in the table below.
MET Maths Syllabus 2024
Sets and Functions

Sets: Sets and their representations, The empty set, Finite and infinite sets, Equal sets, Subsets, Power set, Universal set, Venn Diagrams, Operation on Sets, Complement of a set, Union and intersection of two sets.

Relations and Functions: Cartesian product of sets, relations and functions.

Trigonometric Functions: Angles, Trigonometric functions, Trigonometric functions of sum and difference of two angles, and trigonometric equations.
Algebra

Mathematical Induction: Motivation, Principle of mathematical induction.

Numbers and Quadratic Equations: Complex numbers, Algebra of complex numbers, The modulus and the conjugate of a complex number, Argand plane and polar representation, and Quadratic equations.

Linear Inequalities: Inequalities, Algebraic solutions of linear inequalities, graphical solution, and solution of system of linear inequalities in two variables.

Permutations and Combinations: Permutations and Combinations, Derivation of formulae and their connections. Binomial Theorem:

The binomial theorem is a mathematical formula that allows us to expand expressions of the form (a + b)^n, where n is a positive integer.

It has applications in various fields and is used to find coefficients, middle terms, and general terms in binomial expansions.
Sequence and Series:
 Sequences and series are fundamental concepts in mathematics.
 A sequence is an ordered list of numbers, while a series is the sum of the terms in a sequence.
 Arithmetic progression is a sequence in which the difference between consecutive terms is constant.
 Geometric progression is a sequence in which the ratio between consecutive terms is constant.
 The arithmetic mean (AM) and geometric mean (GM) have a relationship, which is useful in various calculations.
 Special series have specific formulas to find the sum of their terms.
Matrices:
 Matrices are rectangular arrays of numbers or symbols.
 They can be classified into different types based on their dimensions and properties.
 Matrix operations include addition, subtraction, multiplication, and scalar multiplication.
 The transpose of a matrix is obtained by interchanging its rows and columns.
 Symmetric matrices are equal to their own transpose, while skew symmetric matrices have negative transposes.
 Elementary operations on matrices include row operations and column operations.
 Invertible matrices have a unique inverse that satisfies certain properties.
Determinants:
 Determinants are mathematical objects associated with square matrices.
 They have properties that can be used to simplify calculations and solve equations.
 The determinant of a 2x2 matrix can be used to find the area of a triangle.
 Minors and cofactors are derived from determinants and are used in various matrix operations.
 The adjoint of a matrix is obtained by taking the transpose of its cofactor matrix.
 The inverse of a matrix can be found using the adjoint and the determinant.
 Determinants have applications in various fields, such as solving systems of linear equations.
Coordinate Geometry
 Coordinate geometry deals with the study of geometric figures using algebraic techniques.
 Straight lines are represented by various forms of equations, such as slopeintercept form and pointslope form.
 The general equation of a line is a linear equation in two variables.
 The distance between a point and a line can be calculated using specific formulas.
 Conic sections are curves obtained by intersecting a cone with a plane.
 The main types of conic sections are the circle, parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola.
 Threedimensional geometry involves studying geometric figures in threedimensional space.
 Coordinate axes and planes are used to locate points in space.
 The distance between two points in space can be calculated using the distance formula.
 The section formula is used to find the coordinates of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio.
Calculus
 Calculus is a branch of mathematics that deals with change and motion.
 Limits and derivatives are fundamental concepts in calculus.
 Derivatives represent the rate of change of a function at a specific point.
 Continuity and differentiability are properties of functions.
 Exponential and logarithmic functions have specific rules for differentiation.
 Logarithmic differentiation is a technique used to differentiate certain functions.
 Parametric forms of functions involve expressing variables in terms of a parameter.
 Secondorder derivatives represent the rate of change of the rate of change of a function.
 The mean value theorem relates the derivative of a function to its average rate of change.
 Applications of derivatives include finding rates of change, analyzing functions, and solving optimization problems.
 Integrals are used to find the area under curves and to calculate accumulated quantities.
 Different methods, such as integration by parts and partial fractions, can be used to evaluate integrals.
 The definite integral represents the area between a curve and the xaxis over a specific interval.
 The fundamental theorem of calculus relates differentiation and integration.
 Definite integrals can be evaluated using substitution and have properties that simplify calculations.
 Differential equations involve equations that relate a function and its derivatives.
 General and particular solutions of differential equations can be found using various methods.
 Differential equations can be formed based on given conditions or physical laws.
 Firstorder, firstdegree differential equations can be solved using specific techniques.
Mathematical Reasoning
 Mathematical reasoning involves using logical arguments and deductions to solve problems.
 It is an essential skill in mathematics and other fields.
 Reasoning can be used to prove theorems, solve equations, and analyze patterns and relationships.
MET Physics Syllabus 2024
Topic  SubTopics 

Physical World and Measurement  Physical World: Physicsscope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society, Units and Measurements: Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications. 
Kinematics  Motion in a Straight Line: Elementary concepts of differentiation and integration for describing motion, uniform and non uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion, velocity  time and positiontime graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion, Motion in a Plane: Scalar and vector quantities; position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors, relative velocity, Unit vector; resolution of a vector in a plane, rectangular components, Scalar and Vector product of vectors. Motion in a plane, cases of uniform velocity and uniform accelerationprojectile motion, uniform circular motion. 
Laws of Motion  Intuitive concept of force, Inertia, Newton’s first law of motion; momentum and Newton’s second law of motion; impulse, Newton’s third law of motion, Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces, Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication, Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force, examples of circular motion 
Work, Energy and Power  Work done by a constant force and a variable force; kinetic energy, workenergy, theorem, power, Notion of potential energy, potential energy of a spring, conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies); nonconservative forces: motion in a vertical circle; elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. 
Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body  System of Particles and Rotational Motion: Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. Centre of mass of a rigid body; centre of mass of a uniform rod. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, law of conservation of angular momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions, Moment of inertia, radius of gyration, values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects 
Gravitation  Universal law of gravitation. Acceleration due to gravity (recapitulation only) and its variation with altitude and depth, Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of a satellite, Geo stationary satellites. 
Mechanical Properties of Solids  Stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus 
Mechanical Properties of Fluids  Pressure due to a fluid column; Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes), effect of gravity on fluid pressure. Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, critical velocity, Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, excess of pressure across a curved surface, application of surface tension ideas to drops, bubbles and capillary rise 
Thermal Properties of Matter  Heat, temperature, (recapitulation only) thermal expansion; thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases, anomalous expansion of water; specific heat capacity; Cp, Cv  calorimetry; change of state  latent heat capacity. Heat transferconduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation, Wein’s displacement Law, Stefan’s law, Greenhouse effect. 
Thermodynamics  Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics), heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics, isothermal and adiabatic processes. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes 
Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases   
Kinetic Theory  Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done in compressing a gas. Kinetic theory of gases  assumptions, concept of pressure. Kinetic interpretation of temperature; rms speed of gas molecules; degrees of freedom, law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases; concept of mean free path, Avogadro’s number. 
Oscillations  Periodic motion  time period, frequency, displacement as a function of time, periodic functions, Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M) and its equation; phase; oscillations of a loaded spring restoring force and force constant; energy in S.H.M. Kinetic and potential energies; simple pendulum derivation of expression for its time period. Free, forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only), resonance, Waves: Wave motion: Transverse and longitudinal waves, speed of travelling wave, displacement relation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and organ pipes, Beats 
Electrostatics  Electric Charges and Fields: Electric Charges; Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s lawforce between twopoint charges, forces between multiple charges; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet. Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance: Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of twopoint charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field. Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without a dielectric medium between the plates, energy stored in a capacitor. 
Current Electricity  Current Electricity: Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity, mobility and their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, VI characteristics (linear and nonlinear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity; temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge (qualitative ideas only) Potentiometer  principle and its applications to measure potential difference and for 14 comparing EMF of two cells; measurement of internal resistance of a cell (qualitative ideas only) 
Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism  Moving Charges and Magnetism: Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot  Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop. Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire. Straight and toroidal solenoids (only qualitative treatment), force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometerits current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter. Magnetism and Matter: Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines; earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements. 
Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents  Electromagnetic Induction: Electromagnetic induction; Faraday’s laws, induced EMF and current; Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents. Self and mutual induction. Alternating currents, peak and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits AC generator and transformer. 
Electromagnetic Waves  Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their Transverse nature (qualitative ideas only). Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays) including elementary facts about their uses. 
Optics  Ray Optics and Optical Instruments: Ray Optics, Refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lensmaker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, refraction of light through a prism. Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers. Wave Optics Wave optics: Wave front and Huygen’s principle, reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum 
Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter  Dual nature of radiation, Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equationparticle nature of light, Experimental study of photoelectric effect: Matter waveswave nature of particles, deBroglie relation 
Atoms  Alphaparticle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s model of atom; Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum, Nuclei Composition and size of nucleus: Nuclear force Massenergy relation, mass defect, nuclear fission, nuclear fusion. 
Electronic Devices  Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only) Semiconductor diode  IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; Special purpose pn junction diodes: LED, photodiode, solar cell 
MET Chemistry Syllabus 2024
Having a complete list of topics that students are required to study during preparation is important. Therefore, candidates can below check MET chemistry syllabus.
MET Chemistry Syllabus 2024
Topic  Subtopics 

Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry  General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry, Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules, Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. 
Structure of atom  Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals  Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals. 
Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties  Modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100 
Chemical Bonding and Molecular structure  Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond. 
States of Matter  Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea) Liquid State: vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations) 
Chemical Thermodynamics  Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction). Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and non spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium. Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction). 
Equilibrium  Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, Henderson Equation, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples). 
Redox Reactions  Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions. 
Hydrogen  Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydridesionic covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen peroxide  preparation, reactions and structure and use; hydrogen as a fuel. 
sBlock Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)  Group 1 and Group 2 Elements General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses. Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds: Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogen carbonate, Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium. Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses, biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium 
pBlock Elements  General Introduction to p Block Elements Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron  physical and chemical properties, some important compounds, Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides, Aluminium: Reactions with acids and alkalies, uses. Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first elements. Carboncatenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses. 
Organic Chemistry  Some Basic Principles and Techniques: General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions 
Hydrocarbons  Classification of Hydrocarbons Aliphatic Hydrocarbons: Alkanes  Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis. Alkenes  Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. Alkynes  Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of  hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene, Carcinogenicity and toxicity). 
Environmental Chemistry  Environmental pollution  air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategies for control of environmental pollution. 
Solutions  Types of solutions, expression of concentration of solutions of solids in liquids, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties  relative lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law, elevation of boiling point, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass, Van’t Hoff factor. 
Electrochemistry  Redox reactions, conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductivity, variations of conductivity with concentration, Kohlrausch’s Law, electrolysis and law of electrolysis (elementary idea), dry cellelectrolytic cells and Galvanic cells, lead accumulator, EMF of a cell, standard electrode potential, Nernst equation and its application to chemical cells, Relation between Gibbs energy change and EMF of a cell, fuel cells, corrosion. 
Chemical Kinetics  Rate of a reaction (Average and instantaneous), factors affecting rate of reaction: concentration, temperature, catalyst; order and molecularity of a reaction, rate law and specific rate constant, integrated rate equations and halflife (only for zero and first order reactions), concept of collision theory (elementary idea, no mathematical treatment). Activation energy, Arrhenius equation. 
Surface Chemistry  Adsorption  physisorption and chemisorption, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids, catalysis, homogenous and heterogenous activity and selectivity; enzyme catalysis colloidal state distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspension; lyophilic, lyophobic multimolecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulation, emulsion  types of emulsions. 
General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements  Principles and methods of extraction  concentration, oxidation, reduction  electrolytic method and refining; occurrence and principles of extraction of aluminium, copper, zinc and iron. 
pBlock Elements  Group 16 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, dioxygen: Preparation, Properties and uses, classification of Oxides, Ozone, Sulphur  allotropic forms; compounds of Sulphur: Preparation Properties and uses of Sulphurdioxide, Sulphuric Acid: industrial process of manufacture, properties and uses; Oxoacids of Sulphur (Structures only). Group 17 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, oxidation states, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties; compounds of halogens, Preparation, properties and uses of Chlorine and Hydrochloric acid, interhalogen compounds, Oxoacids of halogens (structures only). Group 18 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, trends in physical and chemical properties, uses. 
‘d’ and ‘f’ Block Elements  General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of the firstrow transition metals  metallic character, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, ionic radii, colour, catalytic property, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds, alloy formation, preparation and properties of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. Lanthanoids  Electronic configuration, oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanoid contraction and its consequences. Actinoids  Electronic configuration, oxidation states and comparison with lanthanoids. 
Coordination Compounds  Coordination compounds  Introduction, ligands, coordination number, colour, magnetic properties and shapes, IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Bonding, Werner’s theory, VBT, and CFT; structure and stereoisomerism, importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative inclusion, extraction of metals and biological system). 
Haloalkanes and Haloarenes  Haloalkanes: Nomenclature, nature of CX bond, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions, optical rotation. Haloarenes: Nature of CX bond, substitution reactions (Directive influence of halogen in monosubstituted compounds only). Uses and environmental effects of  dichloromethane, trichloromethane, tetrachloromethane, iodoform, freons, DDT. 
Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers: Alcohols  Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration, uses with special reference to methanol and ethanol. Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses 
Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids  Aldehydes and Ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha hydrogen in aldehydes, uses. Carboxylic Acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties; uses. 
Organic compounds containing Nitrogen: Amines  Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and Isocyanides  will be mentioned at relevant places in text. Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions and importance in synthetic organic chemistry. 
Biomolecules: Carbohydrates  Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), DL configuration oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen); Importance of carbohydrates. Proteins Elementary idea of  amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides, proteins, structure of proteins  primary, secondary, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins; enzymes. Hormones  Elementary idea excluding structure. Vitamins  Classification and functions. Nucleic Acids: DNA and RNA. 
Polymers  Copolymerization, some important polymers: natural and synthetic like polythene, nylon polyesters, bakelite, rubber. Biodegradable and nonbiodegradable polymers. 
Chemistry in Everyday life  Chemicals in medicines  analgesics, tranquilizers antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines. Chemicals in food  preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, elementary idea of antioxidants, Cleansing agents soaps and detergents, cleansing action. 