Maths Incenter Of A Triangle
What is the Incenter of a Triangle?
The incenter of a triangle is the point of concurrency of the internal angle bisectors of the triangle. It is the center of the inscribed circle, which is the largest circle that can be drawn inside the triangle and tangent to all three sides.
Properties of the Incenter
The incenter of a triangle has many interesting properties. Some of the most important properties are listed below:
 The incenter is equidistant from the three sides of the triangle.
 The incenter is the center of the inscribed circle.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the internal angle bisectors.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three cevians that connect the vertices of the triangle to the points of tangency of the inscribed circle.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three lines that are perpendicular to the sides of the triangle at the points of tangency of the inscribed circle.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three lines that bisect the angles between the sides of the triangle and the tangents to the inscribed circle at the points of tangency.
Applications of the Incenter
The incenter of a triangle has many applications in geometry. Some of the most important applications are listed below:
 The incenter can be used to find the radius of the inscribed circle.
 The incenter can be used to find the area of the triangle.
 The incenter can be used to find the orthocenter of the triangle.
 The incenter can be used to find the circumcenter of the triangle.
 The incenter can be used to find the ninepoint circle of the triangle.
The incenter of a triangle is a very important point. It has many interesting properties and applications in geometry.
How to Calculate the Incenter of a Triangle?
The incenter of a triangle is the point of concurrency of the internal angle bisectors. It is the center of the inscribed circle, which is the largest circle that can be drawn inside the triangle without intersecting any of its sides.
Calculating the Incenter
To calculate the incenter of a triangle, you can use the following steps:
 Draw the internal angle bisectors of the triangle.
 Find the point of intersection of the angle bisectors. This is the incenter.
You can also use the following formula to calculate the incenter:
$$I = \frac{a\overrightarrow{B} + b\overrightarrow{C} + c\overrightarrow{A}}{a + b + c}$$
where:
 I is the incenter
 a, b, and c are the lengths of the sides of the triangle
 A, B, and C are the vertices of the triangle
Example
Let’s calculate the incenter of a triangle with sides of length 3, 4, and 5.

Draw the internal angle bisectors of the triangle.

Find the point of intersection of the angle bisectors. This is the incenter.

Use the formula to calculate the incenter.
$$I = \frac{3\overrightarrow{B} + 4\overrightarrow{C} + 5\overrightarrow{A}}{3 + 4 + 5}$$
$$I = \frac{3(4\overrightarrow{i} + 5\overrightarrow{j}) + 4(5\overrightarrow{i}  3\overrightarrow{j}) + 5(3\overrightarrow{i} + 4\overrightarrow{j})}{12}$$
$$I = \frac{12\overrightarrow{i} + 15\overrightarrow{j} + 20\overrightarrow{i}  12\overrightarrow{j} + 15\overrightarrow{i} + 20\overrightarrow{j}}{12}$$
$$I = \frac{47\overrightarrow{i} + 23\overrightarrow{j}}{12}$$
$$I = \frac{47}{12}\overrightarrow{i} + \frac{23}{12}\overrightarrow{j}$$
Therefore, the incenter of the triangle is $$\left(\frac{47}{12}, \frac{23}{12}\right)$$.
Incenter of a Triangle FAQs
What is the incenter of a triangle?
The incenter of a triangle is the point where the internal angle bisectors of the triangle meet. It is also the center of the incircle, which is the largest circle that can be inscribed in the triangle.
How do you find the incenter of a triangle?
There are a few different ways to find the incenter of a triangle. One way is to use the following formula:
$$I = \frac{1}{2s}(a\overrightarrow{A} + b\overrightarrow{B} + c\overrightarrow{C})$$
where $I$ is the incenter, $s$ is the semiperimeter of the triangle, $a$, $b$, and $c$ are the lengths of the sides of the triangle, and $\overrightarrow{A}$, $\overrightarrow{B}$, and $\overrightarrow{C}$ are the position vectors of the vertices of the triangle.
Another way to find the incenter of a triangle is to construct the internal angle bisectors of the triangle. The incenter is the point where these angle bisectors intersect.
What are the properties of the incenter of a triangle?
The incenter of a triangle has a number of interesting properties. Some of these properties include:
 The incenter is equidistant from the three sides of the triangle.
 The incenter is the center of the incircle of the triangle.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three internal angle bisectors of the triangle.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three cevians that connect the vertices of the triangle to the points of tangency of the incircle with the opposite sides.
 The incenter is the point of concurrency of the three Simson lines of the triangle.
What are some applications of the incenter of a triangle?
The incenter of a triangle has a number of applications in geometry. Some of these applications include:
 Finding the radius of the incircle of a triangle.
 Finding the area of a triangle.
 Constructing the internal angle bisectors of a triangle.
 Constructing the incircle of a triangle.
 Finding the points of tangency of the incircle with the sides of a triangle.
 Finding the Simson lines of a triangle.
Conclusion
The incenter of a triangle is a point with a number of interesting properties and applications. It is a useful point to know about when studying geometry.