### Maths Hexadecimal To Decimal Conversion

##### What is Hexadecimal Number System?

The hexadecimal number system is a base-16 number system that uses 16 unique symbols to represent numbers. These symbols include the digits 0-9 and the letters A-F.

The hexadecimal number system is often used in computer science and electronics because it is a convenient way to represent large numbers in a compact format. For example, the hexadecimal number 1F represents the decimal number 31.

##### How to Convert Hexadecimal to Decimal

To convert a hexadecimal number to a decimal number, you can use the following steps:

- Multiply each hexadecimal digit by its corresponding power of 16.
- Add the results of step 1 together.

For example, to convert the hexadecimal number 1F to decimal, you would:

- Multiply 1 by $16^1$ = 16.
- Multiply F by $16^0$ = 15.
- Add 16 and 15 together to get 31.

Therefore, the hexadecimal number 1F is equal to the decimal number 31.

##### How to Convert Decimal to Hexadecimal

To convert a decimal number to a hexadecimal number, you can use the following steps:

- Divide the decimal number by 16.
- Write down the remainder of step 1.
- Repeat steps 1 and 2 until the quotient is 0.
- The hexadecimal number is the sequence of remainders from step 3, written in reverse order.

For example, to convert the decimal number 31 to hexadecimal, you would:

- Divide 31 by 16. The quotient is 1 and the remainder is 15.
- Write down the remainder 15.
- Divide 1 by 16. The quotient is 0 and the remainder is 1.
- Write down the remainder 1.

Therefore, the hexadecimal number for 31 is 1F.

##### Advantages of the Hexadecimal Number System

The hexadecimal number system has several advantages over other number systems, including:

**Compactness:**Hexadecimal numbers are more compact than decimal numbers, which makes them easier to read and write.**Ease of conversion:**Hexadecimal numbers can be easily converted to and from decimal numbers.**Widely used:**The hexadecimal number system is widely used in computer science and electronics, which makes it a valuable skill to have.

The hexadecimal number system is a powerful tool that can be used to represent large numbers in a compact format. It is widely used in computer science and electronics, and it is a valuable skill to have for anyone who works in these fields.

##### What is Decimal Number System?

##### Decimal Number System

The decimal number system, also known as the base-10 number system, is the most commonly used system for representing numbers. It is based on the use of 10 digits, from 0 to 9, to represent all possible numbers.

##### How does the Decimal Number System work?

The decimal number system works by using the place value of each digit to determine its value. The place value of a digit is determined by its position within the number, with the rightmost digit having the lowest place value and the leftmost digit having the highest place value.

For example, in the number 123, the digit 1 is in the hundreds place, the digit 2 is in the tens place, and the digit 3 is in the ones place. This means that the number 123 represents 1 hundred, 2 tens, and 3 ones, or 100 + 20 + 3 = 123.

##### Advantages of the Decimal Number System

The decimal number system has several advantages over other number systems, including:

**Simplicity:**The decimal number system is relatively simple to understand and use, as it is based on the concept of place value.**Efficiency:**The decimal number system is efficient for representing numbers, as it can represent a wide range of numbers using only 10 digits.**Universal:**The decimal number system is used almost universally around the world, making it easy to communicate numbers between different cultures and languages.

##### Disadvantages of the Decimal Number System

The decimal number system also has some disadvantages, including:

**Not always efficient:**The decimal number system is not always the most efficient way to represent certain numbers, such as fractions or irrational numbers.**Limited precision:**The decimal number system has limited precision, as it can only represent numbers with a finite number of decimal places.

The decimal number system is the most commonly used number system in the world, and it is well-suited for a wide range of applications. However, it is important to be aware of its advantages and disadvantages in order to use it effectively.

##### How to Convert Hexadecimal to Decimal?

Hexadecimal is a base-16 number system, while decimal is a base-10 number system. This means that hexadecimal numbers use 16 digits (0-9 and A-F), while decimal numbers use 10 digits (0-9).

To convert a hexadecimal number to a decimal number, you need to:

- Write down the hexadecimal number.
- Multiply each digit of the hexadecimal number by its corresponding power of 16.
- Add up the results of step 2.

For example, to convert the hexadecimal number 1A to decimal, you would:

- Write down the hexadecimal number 1A.
- Multiply each digit of the hexadecimal number by its corresponding power of 16:
- 1 x $16^1 = 16$
- A x $16^0 = 10$

- Add up the results of step 2:
- 16 + 10 = 26

Therefore, the decimal equivalent of the hexadecimal number 1A is 26.

**Here is a table of the hexadecimal digits and their corresponding decimal values:**

Hexadecimal Digit | Decimal Value |
---|---|

0 | 0 |

1 | 1 |

2 | 2 |

3 | 3 |

4 | 4 |

5 | 5 |

6 | 6 |

7 | 7 |

8 | 8 |

9 | 9 |

A | 10 |

B | 11 |

C | 12 |

D | 13 |

E | 14 |

F | 15 |

**Here are some additional tips for converting hexadecimal to decimal:**

- If the hexadecimal number is longer than one digit, you can break it up into smaller chunks and convert each chunk separately.
- You can use a calculator to help you with the calculations.
- There are also online tools available that can convert hexadecimal to decimal for you.

Converting hexadecimal to decimal is a simple process that can be done by following the steps outlined in this article. With a little practice, you will be able to convert hexadecimal numbers to decimal numbers quickly and easily.

##### Solved Example on Hexadecimal to Decimal Conversion

##### Step-by-Step Conversion

Let’s convert the hexadecimal number **A3F** to its decimal equivalent.

**Step 1: Understand the Place Values**

In a hexadecimal number, each digit represents a specific power of 16. The place values from right to left are:

$$16^0, 16^1, 16^2, 16^3, …$$

**Step 2: Convert Each Digit**

Starting from the rightmost digit, convert each hexadecimal digit to its decimal equivalent.

**F**= 15 (F in hexadecimal corresponds to 15 in decimal)**3**= 3**A**= 10 (A in hexadecimal corresponds to 10 in decimal)

**Step 3: Calculate the Decimal Value**

Multiply each converted digit by its corresponding place value and add the results.

$(15 × 16^0) + (3 × 16^1) + (10 × 16^2)$ $= (15 × 1) + (3 × 16) + (10 × 256)$ $= 15 + 48 + 2560$ $= 2623$

Therefore, the hexadecimal number **A3F** is equivalent to the decimal number **2623**.

##### Hexadecimal To Decimal Conversion FAQs

**What is hexadecimal?**

Hexadecimal is a base-16 number system, which means that it uses 16 digits to represent numbers. The digits used in hexadecimal are 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, and F.

**How do I convert a hexadecimal number to decimal?**

To convert a hexadecimal number to decimal, you can use the following steps:

- Write down the hexadecimal number.
- Starting from the rightmost digit, multiply each digit by the corresponding power of 16.
- Add up the results of step 2.

For example, to convert the hexadecimal number 1A to decimal, we would:

- Write down the hexadecimal number: 1A
- Starting from the rightmost digit, multiply each digit by the corresponding power of 16:
- $A = 10 * 16^0 = 10$
- $1 = 1 * 16^1 = 16$

- Add up the results of step 2: 10 + 16 = 26

Therefore, the decimal equivalent of the hexadecimal number 1A is 26.

**What are some common hexadecimal numbers?**

Some common hexadecimal numbers include:

- 0: 0
- 1: 1
- 2: 2
- 3: 3
- 4: 4
- 5: 5
- 6: 6
- 7: 7
- 8: 8
- 9: 9
- A: 10
- B: 11
- C: 12
- D: 13
- E: 14
- F: 15

**How can I use hexadecimal numbers?**

Hexadecimal numbers are often used in computer programming, as they are a convenient way to represent large numbers. They are also used in electronics, as they are a convenient way to represent binary numbers.

**Conclusion**

Hexadecimal is a base-16 number system that is used in computer programming, electronics, and other fields. It is a convenient way to represent large numbers and binary numbers.