Cube
Cube
A cube is a threedimensional shape that has six square sides. It is a regular polyhedron, meaning that all of its sides are congruent and all of its angles are equal. Cubes are often used to represent objects in the real world, such as dice, boxes, and buildings. The volume of a cube is calculated by multiplying the length of one side by itself three times. The surface area of a cube is calculated by multiplying the length of one side by itself and then multiplying that number by six. Cubes are also used in mathematics to represent numbers and other abstract concepts.
Cube Definition
Cube Definition
In the context of data warehousing and business intelligence, a cube is a multidimensional data structure that allows for fast and efficient data analysis and reporting. It is a precomputed and summarized view of data that is organized along multiple dimensions, such as time, product, region, etc. Cubes enable users to analyze data from different perspectives and drill down into details to gain insights and make informed decisions.
Key Characteristics of Cubes:

Multidimensional: Cubes are multidimensional, meaning they can be analyzed along multiple dimensions. For example, a sales cube might have dimensions such as product, time, and region.

Precomputed: Cubes are precomputed and stored in a specialized data structure for fast retrieval. This precomputation process involves aggregating and summarizing data from the underlying data sources.

Indexed: Cubes are indexed to enable efficient data retrieval and slicing and dicing operations. Indexes are created on each dimension of the cube to allow for quick access to data.

Drilldown and Rollup: Cubes support drilldown and rollup operations. Drilldown allows users to explore data at a more detailed level, while rollup summarizes data at a higher level.

OLAP Operations: Cubes are designed for Online Analytical Processing (OLAP) operations, which involve complex calculations, aggregations, and multidimensional analysis of data.
Example of a Cube:
Consider a sales cube with the following dimensions:
 Product: This dimension includes different product categories, such as electronics, clothing, furniture, etc.
 Time: This dimension represents different time periods, such as months, quarters, or years.
 Region: This dimension includes different geographic regions, such as countries, states, or cities.
The sales cube contains summarized sales data for each product, time period, and region. Users can analyze sales trends over time, compare sales performance across different products and regions, and drill down into specific details to identify patterns and insights.
Benefits of Cubes:

Fast Query Response: Cubes provide fast query response times because the data is precomputed and organized for efficient retrieval.

Multidimensional Analysis: Cubes enable users to analyze data from multiple perspectives and dimensions, providing a comprehensive view of the business.

Drilldown and Rollup: Cubes support drilldown and rollup operations, allowing users to explore data at different levels of detail.

Complex Calculations: Cubes can perform complex calculations and aggregations on the fly, making it easier to analyze and interpret data.

Decision Support: Cubes are valuable for decision support and business intelligence, as they provide insights into business performance and trends.
In summary, cubes are powerful multidimensional data structures used in data warehousing and business intelligence. They enable fast and efficient data analysis, reporting, and decisionmaking by providing precomputed and summarized views of data organized along multiple dimensions.
Cube Shape
A cube is a threedimensional shape that has six square sides. It is one of the five Platonic solids, which are the only regular polyhedra. This means that all of the sides of a cube are congruent and all of the angles are right angles.
Cubes are often used to represent objects in the real world, such as dice, boxes, and buildings. They can also be used to create abstract art and sculptures.
Here are some examples of cubes in the real world:
 A die is a cube with six sides, each of which is numbered from one to six.
 A Rubik’s Cube is a puzzle cube that consists of 26 smaller cubes, each of which can be rotated independently.
 A sugar cube is a small cube of sugar that is often used in tea or coffee.
 A building can be shaped like a cube, such as the Kaaba in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Cubes are also used in mathematics to represent threedimensional objects. For example, a cube can be used to represent the volume of a threedimensional object. The volume of a cube is equal to the length of one side cubed.
Cubes are also used in physics to represent objects in motion. For example, a cube can be used to represent a particle moving in three dimensions. The position of the particle can be represented by the coordinates of the center of the cube.
Cubes are a versatile shape that can be used to represent a variety of objects in the real world and in mathematics. They are a fundamental part of our understanding of the threedimensional world.
Frequently Asked Questions on Cube
What is a cube?
What is a cube?
A cube is a threedimensional shape that has six square sides. All of the sides of a cube are equal in length, and the angles between the sides are all right angles. Cubes are regular polyhedra, which means that they have the same number of faces, edges, and vertices.
Examples of cubes
 A die is a cube.
 A sugar cube is a cube.
 A Rubik’s Cube is a cube.
 A basketball is a cube (approximately).
Properties of cubes
 Cubes have six square sides.
 All of the sides of a cube are equal in length.
 The angles between the sides of a cube are all right angles.
 Cubes are regular polyhedra.
 Cubes have eight vertices.
 Cubes have twelve edges.
 The volume of a cube is equal to the length of one side cubed.
 The surface area of a cube is equal to six times the area of one side.
Applications of cubes
Cubes are used in a variety of applications, including:
 Building blocks
 Dice
 Puzzles
 Architecture
 Engineering
 Mathematics
Fun facts about cubes
 The word “cube” comes from the Greek word “kybos,” which means “die.”
 Cubes are the only regular polyhedra that can be dissected into two congruent cubes.
 A cube is the only regular polyhedron that can be inscribed in a sphere.
 A cube is the only regular polyhedron that can be circumscribed about a sphere.
What is the difference between cube and cuboid?
Cube and cuboid are both threedimensional shapes, but there are some key differences between them.
Cube
 A cube is a regular polyhedron with six square sides.
 All of the edges of a cube are equal in length.
 All of the angles of a cube are right angles.
 A cube has eight vertices and twelve edges.
 The volume of a cube is calculated by multiplying the length of one side by itself three times.
Cuboid
 A cuboid is a rectangular prism, which means that it has six rectangular sides.
 The opposite sides of a cuboid are parallel and congruent.
 The edges of a cuboid can be different lengths.
 The angles of a cuboid can be different from right angles.
 A cuboid has eight vertices and twelve edges.
 The volume of a cuboid is calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height of the cuboid.
Examples
 A cube is a common shape in everyday life. Examples of cubes include dice, sugar cubes, and ice cubes.
 A cuboid is also a common shape in everyday life. Examples of cuboids include bricks, books, and shoeboxes.
Here is a table summarizing the key differences between cubes and cuboids:
Feature  Cube  Cuboid 

Sides  6 square sides  6 rectangular sides 
Edges  All edges are equal in length  Edges can be different lengths 
Angles  All angles are right angles  Angles can be different from right angles 
Vertices  8 vertices  8 vertices 
Edges  12 edges  12 edges 
Volume  Calculated by multiplying the length of one side by itself three times  Calculated by multiplying the length, width, and height of the cuboid 
Write down the formula to calculate the surface area of a cube.
The surface area of a cube is the sum of the areas of all six of its sides. Since all sides of a cube are congruent squares, the formula for the surface area of a cube is:
Surface Area = 6 * (side)^2
where “side” is the length of one side of the cube.
For example, if the side of a cube is 5 cm, then the surface area of the cube would be:
Surface Area = 6 * (5 cm)^2 = 6 * 25 cm^2 = 150 cm^2
Here is a table showing the surface areas of cubes with different side lengths:
Side Length (cm)  Surface Area (cm^2) 

1  6 
2  24 
3  54 
4  96 
5  150 
As you can see from the table, the surface area of a cube increases rapidly as the side length increases. This is because the surface area is proportional to the square of the side length.
How to calculate the volume of a cube?
Calculating the Volume of a Cube
The volume of a cube is the amount of space it occupies. It is measured in cubic units, such as cubic centimeters (cm³), cubic meters (m³), or cubic inches (in³).
To calculate the volume of a cube, you need to know the length of one side of the cube. Let’s call this length “s”. The volume of the cube is then given by the formula:
V = s³
where:
 V is the volume of the cube in cubic units
 s is the length of one side of the cube in units
Example:
Let’s say you have a cube with a side length of 5 centimeters. To calculate the volume of the cube, you would plug 5 into the formula:
V = s³ = 5³ = 125 cm³
Therefore, the volume of the cube is 125 cubic centimeters.
Another Example:
Let’s say you have a cube with a side length of 2 inches. To calculate the volume of the cube, you would plug 2 into the formula:
V = s³ = 2³ = 8 in³
Therefore, the volume of the cube is 8 cubic inches.
Conclusion:
Calculating the volume of a cube is a simple process that can be done using the formula V = s³. By knowing the length of one side of the cube, you can easily determine its volume.
Can we say a cube is a prism?
A cube is a threedimensional shape that has six square sides. A prism is a threedimensional shape that has two parallel, congruent bases and sides that are parallelograms. So, a cube is a type of prism.
Here are some examples of prisms:
 A rectangular prism has two rectangular bases and four rectangular sides.
 A triangular prism has two triangular bases and three triangular sides.
 A hexagonal prism has two hexagonal bases and six rectangular sides.
A cube is a special type of prism because it has six square sides. All of the sides of a cube are congruent, and all of the angles of a cube are right angles.
Here are some examples of objects that are cubes:
 A die
 A sugar cube
 A Rubik’s Cube
So, we can say that a cube is a prism, but it is a special type of prism that has six square sides.